The latest frequency synthesis techniques, including sigma-delta, Diophantine, and all-digital. Sigma-delta is a frequency synthesis technique that has risen in popularity over the past decade due to its intensely digital nature and its ability to promote miniaturization. After a brief introduction, the book shows how spurs are produced at the synthesizer output by the basic process and different methods for overcoming them. It investigates how various defects in sigma-delta synthesis contribute to spurs or noise in the synthesized signal. Synthesizer configurations are analyzed, and it is revealed how to trade off the various noise sources by choosing loop parameters. Other sigma-delta synthesis architectures are then reviewed.
2 Fractional-N and Basic EA Synthesizers.
3 Other Spurious Reduction Techniques.
4 Defects in EA Synthesis.
5 Other EA Architectures.
7 Diophantine Synthesizer.
8 Operation at Extreme Bandwidths.
9 All-Digital Frequency Synthesizers.
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